Three causes that contribute to the increase number of women offenders are socioeconomic status, drugs related offenses, and race. Regina McKnight was convicted for life in prison after smoking crack cocaine while pregnant causing her unborn child to die (Collective & Jones, 2009). When McKnight was convicted she was in her early 20’s, African American, single, and prosecuted due to drug related offenses (Collective & Jones, 2009). Socioeconomic status can play a major role in the increase number of offenders in prison. Men that are in prison or jail leave all the responsibility such as kids and the bills to the female. Some women live in low income areas where crime breaking happens on the regular basis. According to (Collective & Jones, 2009) women that use drugs are viewed as selfish because they put themselves before anyone else. Females that are on drugs are looked at as “double deviant” so therefore they receive a harsher sentence than their male addicts (Collective & Jones, 2009). Women are looked at as caring, taking care of children, loving, and respectful so when a female is seen on drugs it disgust the criminal justice system and caused females to receive more punitive consequences for the same crime.

There were reports on illuminating contradiction in McKnight’s case that represents devaluation of black motherhood” (Collective & Jones, 2009). If McKnight was to have an illegal abortion instead of going forward with the pregnancy she would have received two tears max (Collective & Jones, 2009). African American females are overrepresented in the criminal justice system because law enforcement choose who they want to arrest which is women of color (Collective & Jones, 2009). Women are more likely to be caregivers of children so with women being incarcerated kids are left unattended or may feel abandoned. Women commit fewer violent crimes than men because males are more aggressive that females. Women are under a lot more stress than men which may cause them to look for relief or an escape by using illegal drugs (Collective & Jones, 2009).


Collective, C.J. & Jones, L.C. (2009). Investigating difference: Human and Cultural Relations in Criminal Justice. 2nd ed. N.J: Prentice Hall.

Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below… in APA format with At least two reference…..

·  Offer and support the opinion from having read your colleagues’ postings.

·  Expand on your colleagues’ postings.

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