25-75 words each post about what’s your opinions after read each post ( agree or disagree and why….)
- Identify and describe Eriksonâ€™s stages of development as each applies to your own personality formation. How did success at one stage prepare you for meeting the next challenge? What do you anticipate for stages you have not yet reached?
- As you progressed through each stage, how did the agents of socialization change as to their level of influence? For any stages you have not yet reached, which agent(s) do you predict will be the most influential?
- Look in the Argosy University online library and the Internet for information on “feral children.” Explain why feral children are used as examples of young people for whom the socialization process has been stopped.
- Infant (Hope) – During the first or second year of life, the major emphasis is on the mother and fatherâ€™s nurturing ability and care for a child, where he/she will develop optimism, trust, confidence, and security if properly cared for and handled. Though I don’t remember this stage but I can say that I was cared well and developed trust in people.
- Toddler (Will) – At this point, the child has an opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as he or she learns new skills and right from wrong. During this time of the defiance, temper tantrums, and stubbornness can also appear which I was visible on me. I was a stubborn child and always had temper tantrums.
- Preschooler (Purpose) – During this period we experience a desire to copy the adults around us and take initiative in creating play situations. Which was so true with me being the youngest of three elder sisters, I used copy them in every thing.
- School-Age Child (Competence) – This stage is a social stage of development where we are capable of learning, creating and accomplishing numerous new skills and knowledge, thus developing a sense of industry. In this stage I was open to learn everything, art & craft, clay making, acting, dancing, singing. I used to take all these classes during my period and I still remember maximum of these skills.
- Adolescent (Fidelity) â€“ At this point, development now depends primarily upon what a person does. An adolescent struggle and negotiate with social interactions, trying to develop a sense of morality and right from wrong. During this stage I struggled hard to discover my own identity, what I wanna do in future, what kind of friends I want, hows is the society reacting towards me(especially when you see so many cases of women abuse around you) and finally what is wrong and right for me.
- Young Adult (Love) â€“ At the young adult stage, people tend to seek companions hip and love. I was also attracted towards love and found my boyfriend in early young adult stage.
- Middle-aged Adult (Care) â€“ Career and work are the most important things at this stage, along with family. Though I still have long long time to achieve this stage but I still kind of understanding the family and work importance. Today I am working to establish stability, and attempting to produce something that makes a difference to society e.g my education right now.
- Older Adult (Wisdom) â€“ At this stage, some people can look back with a feeling of integrityâ€” that is, contentment and fulfillment, having led a meaningful life and valuable contribution to society while others fear to death. Though I have long time to be an older adult but at this stage in future I would see myself as a reflection of meaningful and happy life.
Federal children are those who have been abandoned or lost in the wilderness and have spent a significant amount of their formative years. Studies on federal children have led to new methods of teaching children with learning disabilities, and indirectly to the development of Braille and sign language. Socialization makes it possible for us to fully function as human beings. Without socialization, we could not have our society and culture. And without social interaction, we could not have socialization. These children are often depicted as having superior strength, intelligence, and morals compared to “normal” humans. The implication is that because of their upbringing they represent humanity in a pure and uncorrupted state,similar to the noble savage.
Learning Theoris. Erikson Stages of Development. Retrieved from: http://www.learning-theories.com/eriksons-stages-of-development.html/
Boundless (2016). â€œFeral Children.â€ Boundless Sociology. Boundless. Retrieved from https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/socialization-4/the-role-of-socialization-42/feral-children-268-5241/
Eriksonâ€™s eight stages:
Infancy – According to Erikson, this is the stage that plays a crucial role in an infant gaining trust within his or her surroundings by the help of family. Personally, this stage should have helped me develop a sense of security as it does with most infants. Due to my broken childhood upbringing, my trust development did not present itself until later on in life.
Toddlerhood â€“ This stage allows the child to develop skills in confidence and gain self-esteem. At this stage in my life, I was developing confidence in my abilities to cope with certain things that I had witnessed. Although I was young, independence was one of the skills I learned at this point in my life.
Preschool â€“ This stage described talks about a child being able to build communication skills with others outside of the family, as well as experiencing guilt. For myself, this was easy and hard for me to do at the same time. I was very picky on who I let into my life, even as a small child. Regardless, this stage helped mold my communication skills, and I became very proficient in communicating with the others in my environment.
Preadolescence â€“ This stage discusses how children react to their overall situation in life regarding friends, sports, and other activities between the ages of six to thirteen. This stage was difficult for me growing up. Coming from a broken home, I felt like I was not living up to my fatherâ€™s standards and that put an emotional toll on my body.
Adolescence â€“ This stage discusses how children in their teenage years struggle to find an identity. I remember this stage of my life quite well. I was very manipulated by my friends and usually ended up identifying in the same groups as they did. Finding my identity was not hard.
Young Adulthood â€“ This stage talks about young adults being able to keep close and intimate relationships while also maintaining some sort of identity. This was an unusual stage for me simply because I joined the Marine Corps around this point of my life and almost went into to isolation for multiple years.
Middle Adulthood â€“ This stage of life relates to putting others before one even thinks of themselves. This is the current stage in my life that I am trying to figure out in terms of career and education. It is very important to put others first before myself, and I am learning to do so through the help of my family and friends. The next step in life would be to apply that to a career.
Old Age â€“ This stage allows a person to look back on their life and remember the good things they did for others, as well as be proud of what one has accomplished. I hope every day that I can feel a sense of accomplishment at the end of my life. There is nothing more I would want in life than to be able to help others and be successful at it.
A feral child is a child who has been raised away from westernized human contact. Essentially, the child does not know any forms of customs and courtesies, nor does the child have an ability to understand language. I assume that feral children are used as examples on why the socialization process has stopped simply because the process does not apply to them due to the way they were raised.
Macionis, J. (2008). Society: The Basics (10th ed). Pearson Learning Solutions. Retrieved From