Please respond to the following research paper with 300 words,12 font time roman,citations,references.
Are We Addicted to Cellphones?
A. Statement of the Research Problem
The purpose of this research assignment is to show how dependent people are with their cellphones, how often they are using them, and if it has any effect with their sleeping habits or with school. The data was collected from a survey sent out electronically through twitter and through text messages to forty-five people from ages sixteen to twenty-one, but only thirty responded. A few of the questions that were in the survey were basic questions about the use of the cellphones such as how often the phone is used during the day, the main use of the phones, and if it was a necessity for everyday life, among other questions. This research will prove that people are addicted to cellular devices and that it could have unhealthy results.
B. Literature Review
In recent years, cellphones have been getting very advanced as compared to what they used to be in the 1990â€™s and early 2000â€™s. For example, in the 90â€™s most people had phones with very tiny screens and no touch screen, camera or apps. They had absolutely nothing and were just used for the basic necessities; calling and texting, if the phone was capable of sending text messages. The internet was fairly new and most phones, if not all, did not have access to the internet. In the past few years, cellphones have got very advanced and now all of them have a touch screen, a camera that rivals a DSLR, access to the internet, along with many more features that people would not even think of having in a phone from the 90â€™s. Recently, cellphones have become such a distraction that thereâ€™s even websites for help with cellphone addiction (psychguides.com). Indiana University describes an addiction as â€œany activity, substance, object, or behavior that has become the major focus of a person’s life to the exclusion of other activities, or that has begun to harm the individual or others physically, mentally, or sociallyâ€ (indiana.edu). Psych Guides says that cellphone addiction has often been compared to gambling addiction (psychguides.com). There are many symptoms to see if a person is addicted to a cellphone, some of those being excessive use of a cellphone, not being able to stop using the cellphone, using a cellphone when experiencing â€œbadâ€ feelings, having put a relationship at risk over the cellphone, and having withdrawals when not being able to use a cellphone (psychguides.com). According to Baylor University, women college students spend at least ten hours on cellphones while men students spend at least eight (Goodrich). Some people will outright admit that there is an addiction to the cellphone, while others will say there is no sort of addiction, which might be being in denial or there is not an addiction for them.
If a person uses a phone more often than normal and can not go without it, then the person is addicted to the phone. The survey was given out to forty-five people between the ages of sixteen and twenty-one, with only thirty of those people giving a response. The reason for this age group was the fact that older people might not be so dependent on their phones as compared to young people in college and high school. For the question, â€œWhat kind of phone do you own?â€ the expected response was eighty percent of the people surveyed had an iPhone while twenty percent of the people had an android device. Regarding the question, â€œHow often are you on your phone daily?â€ the expected response was that eighty percent of people surveyed would respond that the cellphone use was for five hours or more, twenty percent used a cellphone for two to four hours, and that no one would respond that the cellphone use was two hours or less. Another question that was asked was, â€œWhat is the main use of your phone?â€ The expected responses for this question were that fifty percent of people would mostly use the cellphone for social media, thirty percent would mostly use it for sending text messages, twenty percent would mostly use it for listening to music, and no person would mostly use their cellphone for phone calls. These percentages were expected because social media is huge these days, and for a lot of people it is used more than texting. For the question, â€œCan you go a day without checking/using your phone?â€ the expected response was that no person could go a day without checking the cellphone. These results were expected because it is very hard for a person to not check the cellphone. The questions â€œDo you sleep with your phone next to you?â€ and â€œDo you check your phone when you wake up?â€ go hand in hand. The expected results were that every person surveyed would answer yes to both questions. The question â€œDo you use your phone while driving?â€ was very hard to expect, mostly because a few of the people that were surveyed do not drive yet. Out of the people that were asked, the expected results were that sixty percent of people would respond that the cellphone is used while driving while forty percent would respond that the cellphone is not used while driving. For the question, â€œWould you say you are addicted to your phone?â€ the expected outcome was that ninety percent of people would respond that there was an addiction with the cellphone while ten percent would say there was no addiction.
The method that was used to get the information was through a survey provided by a link that was sent out to people through Twitter and through a text message. The survey was sent out to forty-five people, with only thirty of the people responding to the survey. The people that were asked were picked from a lot of mutual twitter followers and contacts that seemed likely to answer the survey truthfully. Although it was sent out to forty-five people, many of them did not respond and there were a few that did not take it seriously and the replies had to be deleted. The survey was ran for 24 hours, which seemed like an adequate amount of time for everybody to take the survey. Both open ended and closed ended questions were used, but most of the questions were closed ended.
E. Data Collection
The biggest problem that was faced while collecting data was that people did not participate. From the people that did participate, they mentioned that it was very short and not very time consuming. Another problem was that some people did not answer a question or two, but the one that was not answered the most was the question asking about the personâ€™s GPA. It would be understandable as people that are not going to school were also asked. Another question that was not answered was the one asking if the person slept with the phone next to them, which was a fairly straightforward question but the person also might have missed it.
F. Data Analysis
This survey was given for forty-five people with thirty of them responding. Of those people, seventeen of them were female (56.7%) and thirteen of them were male (43.3%). Out of all participants, thirty (100%) owned a cellphone. When asked what type of cellphone is owned, twenty-seven (90%) had an iPhone while 3 (10%) had an Android. Regarding how many hours the cellphone is used daily, twenty-one (70%) use it for five hours or more, nine (30%) use it for two to four hours, and zero (0%) use it for two hours or less. These results were close to expectations, but less people used cellphones for more than five hours in the results when compared to the expectations. Results for the question regarding what the cellphone is most used for, fifteen (50%) used it for social media, eight (26.7%) used it for texting, seven (23.3%) used it for music, and zero (0%) used it for phone calls. When asked if it was possible to go a day without checking the cellphone, sixteen (53.3%) said no, while fourteen (46.7%) said it was possible to go a day without checking it. Expectations for this question were that not one person could go a day without checking the cellphone, but according to the results, a few of the people can go a day without checking it. Regarding using the cellphone while talking to people, it was split down the middle; fifteen (50%) said the cellphone was used while talking to people and fifteen (50%) said the cellphone was not used while talking to people. When asked if the cellphone is used at the dinner table, nineteen (63.3%) said that it is used at the dinner table and eleven (36.7%) said that it is not used at the dinner table. Twenty-seven (90%) of people said the cellphone is used in the restroom and three (10%) people said that it was not used in the restroom. Twenty-Six (89.7%) people said the cellphone was next to the person while sleeping and four (10.3%) said that it was not next to the person. When asked if the phone was checked after waking up, twenty-seven (90%) said that it was checked and three (10%) said that it was not checked. When asked if the cellphone is used while walking, twenty (66.7%) said that it is used while walking, and ten (33.3%) said that it was not used. Regarding the question asking if the cellphone was used while driving, nineteen (63.3%) said that it was not used while driving, and eleven (36.7%) said that it was used while driving. When asked if a cellphone was a necessity for everyday life, twenty-two (73.3%) said that it was a necessity and eight (26.7%) said that it was not necessary. When asked if there was an addiction to the cellphone, eighteen (60%) said that there was some sort of addiction and twelve (40%) said there was not. Regarding the question about using the cellphone during class, twenty-one (70%) said that it was used in class and nine (30%) said it was not used. When asked about the GPA of each individual, fifteen (53.6%) had a 3.0-4.0, seven (25%) had a 2.0-3.0, five (17.9%) had a 4.0 or higher, and one (3.5%) person had a 1.0-2.0. According to the responses, twenty-one (70%) have on average four to seven hours of sleep, eight (26.7%) average eight hours of sleep, and one (3.3%) averages zero to three hours.
G. Data Sheet
1. Age (30 responses)
18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 17, 17, 17, 17, 16, 16, 21
2. Sex (30 responses)
Male 13 (43.3%)
Female 17 (56.7%)
3. Do you own a phone? (30 responses)
Yes 30 (100%)
No 0 (0%)
4. What kind of phone do you own? (30 responses)
iPhone 27 (90%)
Android 3 (10%)
5. How often are you on your phone daily? (30 responses)
0-2 Hours 0 (0%)
2-4 Hours 9 (30%)
5 Hours+ 21 (70%)
6. What is the main use of your phone? (30 responses)
Texting 8 (26.7%)
Social Media 15 (50%)
Music 7 (23.3%)
Phone Calls 0 (0%)
7. Can you go a day without checking/using your phone? (30 responses)
Yes 14 (46.7%)
No 16 (53.3%)
8. Do you use your phone while talking to people? (30 responses)
Yes 15 (50%)
No 15 (50%)
9. Do you use your phone while at the dinner table?
Yes 19 (63.3%)
No 11 (36.7%)
10. Do you use your phone while in the restroom? (30 responses)
Yes 27 (90%)
No 3 (10%)
11. Do you sleep with your phone next to you? (29 responses)
Yes 26 (89.7%)
No 3 (10.3%)
12. Do you check your phone when you wake up? (30 responses)
Yes 27 (90%)
No 3 (10%)
13. Do you use your phone while walking? (30 responses)
Yes 20 (66.7%)
No 10 (33.3%)
14. Do you use your phone while driving? (30 responses)
Yes 11 (36.7%)
No 19 (63.3%)
15. What do you do when not using your phone? (29 responses)
Interacting with people
Get anxious to check it
Use my laptop
Talk to people face to face, keep myself occupied.
Usually hanging out with friends or family. Sometimes when I’m just doing my daily task
Whatever I need to do or that I’m doing
Working and sleeping
Watch tv, sleep, go for walks, cook
Eat, talk with people, homework, work (job), exercise (gym), sleep/nap, hang out
16. Is your phone a necessity for everyday life? (30 responses)
Yes 22 (73.3%)
No 8 (26.7%)
17. Would you say you are addicted to your phone? (30 responses)
Yes 18 (60%)
No 12 (40%)
18. Do you use your cellphone during class? (30 responses)
Yes 21 (70%)
No 9 (30%)
19. What is your GPA? (28 responses)
1.0-2.0 1 (3.5%)
2.0-3.0 7 (25%)
3.0-4.0 15 (53.6%)
4.0+ 5 (17.9%)
20. How many hours do you sleep at night? (30 responses)
0-3 1 (3.3%)
4-7 21 (70%)
8+ 8 (26.7%)
This study was made to check just how dependent young people are to their cellphones. The results from the survey showed that most of the respondents of the survey use cellphones for a majority of their day, which could have negative effects. With 70% of people saying that the cellphone is used for five hours or more, it is easy to see that using the cellphone takes up a huge chunk of a personâ€™s day. While most of the people surveyed had an average GPA, a few (eight) had a sub-3.0 GPA. Although cellphones have beneficial functions, such as being able to contact emergency services, cellphones have become so technologically advanced that those beneficial functions are overshadowed by the time consuming aspects of a cellphone.
I. References or Bibliography
Davis, Susan. “Addicted to Your Smartphone? Here’s What to Do.” WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 22 May 2016.
Goodrich, Terry. “Cellphone Addiction Is â€˜an Increasingly Realistic Possibility,â€™ Baylor Study of College Students Reveals.” Media Communications. Baylor University, 27 Aug. 2014. Web. 22 May 2016.
Saxena, Vivek. “Cellular Phone Timeline.” LoveToKnow. Love To Know, n.d. Web. 22 May 2016.
“Signs and Symptoms of Cell Phone Addiction.” Cell Phone Addiction Signs and Symptoms. Psych Guides, n.d. Web. 22 May 2016.
“What Are Addictive Behaviors?” What Are Addictive Behaviors ? Indiana University, n.d. Web. 22 May 2016.
J. Blank Questionnaire
1. Age *
2. Sex *
3. Do you own a phone?
4. What kind of phone do you own?
5. How often are you on your phone daily?
6. What is the main use of your phone?
7. Can you go a day without checking/using your phone?
8. Do you use your phone while talking to people?
9. Do you use your phone while at the dinner table?
10. Do you use your phone while in the restroom?
11. Do you sleep with your phone next to you?
12. Do you check your phone when you wake up?
13. Do you use your phone while walking?
14. Do you use your phone while driving?
15. What do you do when not using your phone?
16. Is your phone a necessity for everyday life?
17. Would you say you are addicted to your phone?
18. Do you use your cellphone during class?
19. What is your GPA?
20. How many hours do you sleep at night?